Big Corporate products not so natural

This article is a reprint from the Huffington Post. Thought it was important enough to keep in case I could never find it on their website again. Big Corporate Products Not So Natural. 

written by Loren Berlin

Big Corporate products not so naturalIf you’ve recently traded in your Colgate toothpaste for a tube of Tom’s of Maine in an effort to be more environmentally friendly, your money is still going to the same company.

Tom’s of Maine, a popular line of natural toiletries, is owned by Colgate-Palmolive — a Fortune 500 company with $15 billion in revenues last year.

Tom’s of Maine is not the only earthy beauty company backed by a major American corporation. Rather, it’s a common trend in the world of personal care products.

Another example is Burt’s Bees, that ubiquitous line of organic balms and butters launched in the 1980s by Burt Shavitz, a Maine beekeeper who lived in a turkey coop and sold his bees’ honey from the back of his truck. Fast-forward nearly 30 years, and what was once a little collection of handmade soaps and lotions is now a factory-produced beauty line adored by hippies and hipsters alike and owned by the Clorox Co., another Fortune 500 company with more than $5.5. billion in revenues last year.

Similarly, behemoth Johnson & Johnson owns Aveeno, L’Oreal owns The Body Shop, and Estee Lauder owns both Aveda and Origins, among other brands.

Large companies are actively pursuing sales of “green” beauty products because consumers are buying more of these products, according to Jessica Rubino, beauty editor for In 2010, U.S. consumers purchased $8.2 billion in natural and organic personal care products, representing a 6 percent increase in sales over the previous year, according to Nutrition Business Journal, which tracks industry sales.

“Tons of large companies now have lines that they’re marketing as green, natural, or even organic,” wrote Rubino in an email to The Huffington Post. “At this point most mass personal care manufacturers have at least one line that tries to snag a piece of the ‘green’ market as demand for natural personal care products grows.”

But does it matter if a giant corporation owns your favorite natural beauty line? The answer depends on what you want from your products, explained Karen Grant, vice president and senior global industry analyst at the NPD Group, a market research firm.

“Most consumers are just trying to get something that works, so efficacy is the first thing they are looking for,” Grant told The Huffington Post. “It’s a smaller, niche population that asks if the company is sticking up for the brand’s core principles or asking if the product is not really so natural.”

But as sales of natural products increase, so does the confusion surrounding the definition of natural, green or organic, Rubino explained. While the Department of Agriculture regularly inspects food that is labeled organic to make sure it complies with regulations, the same rules and processes do not apply to beauty products.

“Because there are no labeling regulations about natural or organic personal care (except for state legislation in California that requires any product sold and marketed in California as organic to contain 70 percent organic content), anything goes when it comes to claims, so many — especially in conventional retailers — are unsubstantiated,” Rubino wrote.

“Greenwashing has been particularly impactful on consumers who are not well versed in natural personal care ingredients, terms, and labeling and are therefore more likely to believe that these products are in fact natural just because they’re marketed that way,” Rubino continued.

Consumers interested in learning more about the ingredients in beauty products and how to determine whether they are safe can explore Environmental Working Group’s database of cosmetics.

How to Use Emulsifying Wax

Emulsifying wax is a necessary ingredient when it comes to making lotions and creams. Everyone has heard the term “water and oil don’t mix”.  The use of emulsifying wax will do just that – bind your oils and water together on a molecular level with the end result becoming lotion or cream.

This is the method by which lotions and creams are made, by binding together oils and water.  Years ago before I began making lotion, a friend was attempting it by using beeswax.  After seeing almost two dozen jugs of failed lotion batches on her workshop counters, I did a little research and found Ewax, also known as emulsifying wax.  We made it together in her workshop and the very first batch turned into lotion without separating.  You can use beeswax as an emulsifier as long as you include borax in the formula, but keep in mind that beeswax isn’t actually an emulsifier – it is a thickener.  The problem is that is makes a greasy lotion and the results are unpredictable.   Borax helps the beeswax do its job. The difference between beeswax and Ewax seems to be the strength of the emulsion. You cannot use as great a quantity of water with the beeswax.  Beeswax usually handles about 50% oils and 50% water without separation. More water and the lotion will eventually separate.

Incorporating emulsifying wax into your recipe will keep the oil and water from separating by creating an emulsion between the oil and water. Emulsifying wax will also thicken your recipe. Using too little of the Emulsifying wax and the lotion recipe will not hold together.  There were batches in the past that I obviously measure incorrectly because, at first, it looks like a successful gallon of lotion.  However, after cooling for an hour, half of the jug contained water at the bottom and a runny lotion floating on top

The percentage of Emulsifying wax usually begins at 5% of the total formula but can be used at a higher rate to create an extra thick lotion.  My personal recipe calls for 6 ounces of Ewax but I always use 6.4 ounces, just to be on the safe side.

The most common emulsifiers used are: Emulsifying Wax NF,  Cetearyl Alcohol and Polysorbate 20.  I have always used Emulsifying Wax NF.

Unlike some emulsifying waxes, Ewax  does not deteriorate on heating, experiencing only a slight difference in color at temperatures up to 150-152°C for two hours. Under these harsh conditions, it may lose 2-3% in weight with minor hardening of the wax.

While Emulsifying wax NF is contains some natural ingredients like palm oil, it does go through a chemical process in order to manufacture it.  With this in mind, I prefer to stay on the safe side and tell myself that it is completely un-natural.  That way, I can safely say that my lotions and 94% natural when I have used 5% ewax and 1% preservative.

FROM NATURE WITH LOVE, a major bath and body supplier, describes their Emulsifying wax as such:

Our NF quality, vegetable based emulsifying wax is used to keep the oil and water from separating in your creams and lotions. It is supplied in white waxy pellets or flakes, and it has low odor. The emulsifying wax is made from vegetable source fatty alcohols however, this product is not considered “all natural.” It combines the emollient, emulsifying, thickening properties of cetyl alcohol and stearyl alcohol. Emulsifying wax can form extremely stable w/o or o/w emulsions. Use at 5% – 10% in your “water in oil” or “oil in water” emulsions. Melt the wax with your other fats and waxes and then slowly add your water phase while continuously stirring. The key to forming a stable emulsion is to keep the formulation in motion until it cools completely.

To put this whole Emulsifying wax topic in perspective, here is a basic formula for creating lotion.  The recipe below makes ½ gallon of lotion.

First, the percentages – beside it, the actual numbers for the recipe indicated after “OR”, based on 64 ounces.  Note – preservative is calculated OUTSIDE the numbers of the formula and is based on 1% of the TOTAL recipe.

75% water OR 48 ounces water

5% shea butter  OR 3.2 ounces shea butter

10% olive oil OR 6.4 ounces olive oil

5% jojoba OR 3.2 ounces jojoba

5% Ewax OR 3.2 ounces Emulsifying Wax (Ewax)

0.64 ounces preservative if using Germaben II, otherwise, reading directions for the type of preservative you are using.

Oils for Different Skin Types

Oils for Different Skin TypesThe various types of oil react in different ways with the skin. For example, grapeseed and rice bran oil are good for nearly all types of skin – light, beneficial and rapidly absorbed into the skin.  Wheat germ oil acts as a preservative, so it’s good to include some in all massage oils.  Generally speaking, you will find that the following oils are good for these skin types.

Dry skin:
almond, castor, cocoa butter, grapeseed, olive, rice bran, wheat germ

Normal skin:
almond, corn, grapeseed, sesame, rice bran, sunflower, safflower

Oily skin:

Oils that are effortlessly absorbed into the skin are:
corn, grapeseed, rice bran, sesame, sunflower and wheat germ.

Less easily absorbed oils are:
sweet almond, avocado, coconut, olive, apricot and peanut.


It’s good to develop a skincare practice to keep the skin in excellent condition, or to repair it if it’s in poor condition.
In addition to the type of skin you have, two factors decide the number of times a day you need to follow this routine: your occupation (clean or dirty) and whether or not you live in the clean air of the country or you are surrounded by pollution in a big city.  Air conditioning will also make the skin need more moisture.
To explore the variety of carrier oils we carry for your skin, click here.

Beauty Care with Natural Ingredients – Ellen Biddle

Everybody longs for that healthy glow, for sparkling eyes and shiny hair that bounces with every step. Millions of dollars are spent every year in beauty products to make skin that much clearer, wrinkles that less visible and lips pout that much more. And while there are cosmetics that do work, you shouldn’t underestimate the value of natural beauty products. Remedies that are available with nature. They’re easy to find, won’t put a hole in your pocket, and don’t have a trace of any harmful chemicals. Read on to see what gifts from nature can make you your most beautiful self.

For your hair (

Lemon juice:
Lemon juice when used on your hair is an effective treatment for dandruff. Its citrus property cleanses the hair. Squeeze a lemon onto your hair and massage into the scalp, and then wash it out using water and your preferred shampoo.

Beauty Care with Natural Ingredients - Ellen Biddle
AromaG’s Organic Coconut Oil

Coconut Oil:
Coconut oil is used in several parts of the world as an aid to beautiful hair. It has enriching vitamins and nutrients that help your hair to grow long and lustrous. In addition, it also combats dandruff.
Massage into the scalp before washing hair. If possible, do so a night before, so the oil can soak in overnight.

Vinegar is great to add some bounce and vitality into dull and lifeless hair. Mix a little vinegar into warm water, and then rinse your hair with the solution. You hair will look revitalized.

For your skin

The important of water cannot be stated enough. It is one of the most important contributors to beautiful skin. It flushes out toxins and battles breakouts. A person should drink at least eight glasses of water per day. Warm showers are also very beneficial to the skin. When your skin is well hydrated, it looks young and healthy.

They’re more than just pretty flowers! Rosewater is extremely good for the skin. It purifies the skin, and leaves it wonderfully scented. Combined with hazel, it is especially good for oily skin.

Turmeric Powder:
If you want your skin to naturally get fairer and more radiant, you could try turmeric. Just mix a piece of turmeric with curd and apply it onto your skin. Leave the paste on for about ten to fifteen minutes, and then wash off using cold water.

For your body:

Fruits are one of the best gifts that nature can give you. Most of them are low in calories, and can give you a whole lot of energy. In fact, almost all diets have fruits as an essential part of them.

Spinach leaves are very, very healthy. There’s a reason why Popeye enjoyed spinach so much! It helps to make your body stronger, and more resistant to illnesses and ailments.


Author Bio
Ellen for Find lots of makeup and beauty tips here with loads of information on skin care and skin disorders.

Article Source: – Free Website Content

Herbal Skin Care – Ellen Biddle

Skin care is not a topic of recent times; it has been in practice since ancient times, when herbal skin care was probably the only way to take care of skin. However, skincare has transformed in a big way. Herbal skincare routines have been replaced by synthetic/chemical-based routines. The herbal skin care recipes which once used to be commonplace are not so popular today (and even unknown to a large population). This transformation from herbal skin care to synthetic can probably be attributed to two things – our laziness (or just the fast pace of lives) and the commercialization of skincare. Even herbal skin care products have been commercialized. These commercial herbal skin care products have to be mixed with preservatives in order to increase their shelf-life, hence making them less effective than the fresh ones made at home. However, it seems that things are changing fast and more people are now opting for natural and herbal skin care routines. But still, none want to make them at home and hence the commercial market of herbal skincare products is on the rise.

So what are these herbs or herbal skincare mechanisms?

Aloe vera, which is an extract from Aloe plant, is one of the best examples of herbal skincare product. Freshly extracted aloe vera is a natural hydrant that helps in soothing skin. It also helps in healing cuts and treating sun burns.

A number of herbs are known to possess cleansing properties. Dandelion, chamomile, lime flowers and rosemary herbs, are a few examples of such cleansers. Their herbal skin care properties get invoked when they are combined with other herbs like tea.

Herbal Skin Care - Ellen Biddle

Antiseptics are another important part of Herbal skin care. Lavender, marigold, thyme and fennel are good examples of herbs that are known to possess antiseptic properties. Lavender water and rose water also form good toners.

Tea plays an important part in herbal skincare. Tea extracts are used for treatment of skin that has been damaged by UV radiation.

Oils prepared from herbal extracts present another means of herbal skin care. Tea tree oil, Lavender oil, borage oil and primrose oil are some popular oils used in skin care. Some fruit oils (e.g. extracts from fruits like banana, apple and melon) find use in shower gels (as a hydrating mix)

Homeopathic treatments and aromatherapies also come under the umbrella of herbal skin care remedies.

Herbal skin care is good not only for the routine nourishing of skin but also for treatment of skin disorders like eczema and psorasis. Most herbal skin care products don’t have any side effects (the most important reason for preferring them over synthetic products) Moreover, herbal products can be easily made at home, hence making them even more attractive. So, natural care is the way to go. However, this does not mean that you totally discard the synthetic products. Some people go to the extent of debating with their dermatologist, if he/she suggests a synthetic product. You should accept the fact that some skin orders might need usage of clinically proven non-herbal skin care products.

Many skin care tips and articles:

Author Bio
Ellen for Find lots of makeup and beauty tips here with many useful articles on skincare. Also learn how to get rid of dark circles under eyes.

Article Source: – Free Website Content

History of Perfume and Fragrance – Roberto Sedycias

Perfume is one of those products that may influence our emotions. People`s sense of smell influences behavior and sets different moods. It may even bring up memories of the past. As a marketing tool, perfume is also present in our everyday lives and it can be found in lots of consumer products. Besides the fact that perfume is so popular, have you ever wandered how it came into being what it is today? What`s the history of perfume?

Some anthropologists say that perfume was used by primitive man thru the burning of gums and resins for incense. Eventually from 7000 to 4000 bc, richly scented plants, animal and fatty oils of olive and sesame are thought to have been combined with fragrant plants to create original ointments.

Three thousand years ago in ancient Egypt, historians believe that perfume was first used in rituals, as part of their religious ceremonies, creating a pleasant smell. These scents came from gums, resin trees, oil and from a variety of plants resulting in a perfume unguent that was rubbed into the skin. Hundreds of years later, women of Egypt were using perfume for their cosmetic qualities. It is believed that Egytptian queen Cleopatra had her own exclusive balms and scents used as cosmetics and aphrodisiac, which helped her to conquer Julius Caesar and later Mark Anthony. Also from this same era, it is believed that perfume was used in Mesopotamia for ritual ceremonies. And farther east, in China, aromatic herbs were used for medicine purposes.

Later on as trade routes expanded, perfume became very popular and demand for scent products increased trade among different civilizations. Africa and India started to supply Middle Eastern civilization with spikenard and ginger. Syrians sold fragrant goods to Arabia. Mediterranean civilization began buying cymbopogon and ginger from South Arabia. And so the trade of scent goods kept on, and as it continued to swell, fragrance perfume was eventually introduced thru time to several civilizations such as Hindus, Israelites, Carthaginians, Arabs, Greeks, Romans and finally reintroduced hundreds of years later in Italy and France.

By the 13th century Italy was doing major trades of spices and perfumes with Eastern civilizations. Portugal and Spain were also trying to establish important trades of spices by having exclusive routes to the East. That`s how the new world of America got to be discovered.

As Italian perfume influence swept over neighboring countries, France began expanding the use of perfume by first offering perfumed gloves, which were most often perfumed with neroli or animal scents such as ambergris and civet. From then on, French perfume has become famous worldwide and today sets the standard for excellence.

Also France played a major role in reestablishing the use of perfume for therapeutic purposes in the western world. It has been reported that during Word War II, therapeutic perfume had been used in the treatment of wounds and burns, and later in the treatment of psychiatric problems.

Perfume has brought different people together in the past thru the trade of aromatic scents. It also played a major deal, since its trade meant economical power for the nations. And so the history of modern man has been greatly influenced by this special product, enabling new worlds to be discovered. On a personal level, perfume is capable of influencing people`s behavior and that by itself sets perfume in class by itself. Perhaps that`s what makes it so desirable by all of us.

Author Bio
Roberto Sedycias – IT Consultant for PoloMercantil
This article is under GNU FDL license and can be distributed without any previous authorization from the author. However the author´s name and all the URL´s (links) mentioned in the article and biography must be kept.
This article can also be accessed in portuguese language from the News Article section of page PoloMercantil
Roberto Sedycias works as IT consultant for PoloMercantil.

Article Source: – Free Website Content

How to Make Body Mousse

Here is our recipe for you to make a luxurious body mousse of any scent all on your own! Great for the beginning Bath & Body hobbyist or business personnel!

Whisked Body Mousse Recipe

14.8 ounces distilled water
1.2 ounces sweet almond oil
1.2 ounces grapeseed oil
1 ounce glycerin
1 ounce emulsifying wax
0.7 ounces stearic acid
Use right away, store in refrigerator for a few days, OR, use 0.2 ounces preservative.
30 drops favorite fragrance or essential oil.

Put in a microwave safe bowl the – sweet almond, grapeseed, glycerin, emulsifying wax and stearic acid. When stearic acid and emulsifying wax have melted, remove from microwave.

Pour into a standing mixer and use a cake mixer, although the standing mixer works best and whisk at medium speed for a few seconds then switch to medium-low until the recipe begins to cool and emulsifies together.

When emulsified, speed up the blending process to high speed. You can switch between high and medium-high (use your own judgement) until the recipe becomes fluffy. It should increase in volume by two to two-and-a-half times.

At this point, while still blending, add the preservative and scent. You can also add a few drops of food coloring for color.

Pour into jars and leave alone for a full day, allowing the recipe time to set up. It will transform into a light cream. It is normal and expected for the fluffiness to decrease as it morphs into its final stage – a luxurious body mousse.

Raspberry Sugar Scrub Recipe

Ever wanted to make your own sugar scrub? Here is our recipe for a Raspberry Sugar Scrub that can be made as naturally as you’d like!!

Raspberry Sugar Scrub Recipe

1 cup granulated sugar
1/4 cup powdered oats
2 tablespoons dried raspberry seeds
2 tablespoons dried cranberry seeds
Jojoba oil, enough to moisten the sugar

Scent choices –
Option one, 20 drops raspberry fragrance oil
Option two (natural), 15 drops sweet orange essential oil, 5 drops lavender essential oil, 2 drops juniper essential oil.

Mix all ingredients together. Add just enough jojoba oil until the consistency is reached that you like in a scrub. Use to exfoliate and moisturize the skin. Don’t forget, oil scrubs make the bathtub slippery.

Cucumber Face Mask Recipe

Most people use cucumber slice to sooth puffy eyes. However, cucumber can be used over the entire face to tighten the skin. For this cucumber mask you will need:

1/2 cucumber, peeled
1 tablespoon kaolin clay
1 tablespoon powdered oats

  1. Puree cucumber in blend or food processor until it becomes a mushy pulp.
  2. Strain through a fine mesh colander and place the strained pulp into a bowl.
  3. Add kaolin clay and powdered oats. The consistency you are looking for is a paste that will stay on the face when sitting upright.
  4. If the mixture isn’t thick enough, add more kaolin clay 1/2 teaspoon at a time.

When thoroughly mixed, apply to face and leave for 10 to 15 minutes. Rinse with warm water and gently pat dry.
cucumber face mask

Avocado Face Mask Recipe

Avocado Face Mask

avocado face maskThere are so many recipes out there for an avocado face mask, but no one ever tells you why avocados are good for the face.  The answer is simple.  Avocados are high in monounsaturated fat (the good kind of fat).  The omega-3 fatty acids have an effect on the skin when mashed avocados are applied to the face as a mask – it actually helps to plump up the skin which helps hide lines and wrinkles.

An avocado mask is used for dry skin because avocados contain a lot of natural oils (good fat, remember?).  So, the application works as a moisturizer.  Additionally the vitamins E and C found in avocados are good for the skin.  The vitamin C works crudely as a mild form of alpha hydroxy while the vitamin E contains antioxidant properties which are synonymous with anti-aging.  Avocados also contain several minerals such as iron, copper, potassium and magnesium.

Use a whole avocado to make enough facial mask for you and a friend.  Depending on the size of the avocado, it just might be enough for three people.  Invite a couple of friends over for a facial and lunch afterwards.  Sounds pretty relaxing.

Take one avocado, slice and remove the pit.  Chop into manageable pieces are drop into the food processor or blender.  Add two tablespoons water and two teaspoons honey and blend until creamy smooth.  If you’ve ever made hummus before, the texture is very similar.

Now, to present in true recipe form, we’ll go back over what you need.

1 soft avocado
2 tablespoons water
2 teaspoons honey

To apply the avocado mask, you may use a cosmetic sponge but its better to use your hands.  Apply to the face and neck, gently massaging in but not with the same firm hand as when you are trying to exfoliate.  Keep on between 20 and 30 minutes.  Remove by washing face with warm water.  When you give your face a final rinse in cool or cold water, it helps to shrink the pores back to normal size.

Herbal Massage Oil Recipe

lavender plantThis particular massage oil is a type of oil infusion.  It is made by steeping plant matter in oils for several days or weeks in an attempt to extract the properties of the plants.  This is a great excuse for planting more herbs and healing flowers in your home garden.

In a pint jar add two handfuls of freshly picked rose petals.  Rose petals tend to take up a lot of space because of their shape.  If you have to, press the petals down firmly with a wooden spoon.  Don’t worry about crushing the petals in the process – this will actually help release some of the skin loving oils into your massage base oil.

Next, add a teaspoon of lavender buds, a teaspoon of calendula petals and a teaspoon of comfrey leaves.  Double check that you are using real calendula and not plain garden marigold.  While calendula is sometimes also known as pot marigold, they are two different plants with different properties.  Plain marigold, usually bordering gardens to deter rabbits, is also known as Tagetes.

The comfrey is an important ingredient for a massage oil.  Comfrey is known to help with pains and aches as well as bruises.

Now that all of these ingredients are in your pint jar, add 1/2 cup jojoba oil then top off the rest of the way with your oil of choice.  Some great oils for massage are sweet almond and grapeseed but its also perfectly acceptable to use oils found in your kitchen cabinet such as olive or canola – perhaps even a blend of the two.

Put the lid on the jar and give it a good shake.  Place the jar in a warm place, possibly beside the kitchen stove.  Every morning, shake the jar well.  Do this for the next two weeks.  After that, strain the oil through a fine mesh sieve and discard the plant matter.  You may have to strain a few times to remove all the plant particles.  At this time, you can use your new herbal massage oil as is or even add a few drops of your favorite essential oil.  Lavender is a good option for this particular blend of herbs and flowers.

Note – the reason why we use jojoba oil in this recipe is that it helps to prevent the other oils from going rancid.  Without the jojoba, the jar of oils which were kept in a warm place for weeks will have an off smell after a while, a sure sign of rancidity.  Jojoba helps with this.  Additionally, you can add the contents of four or five vitamin E capsules.  Final step, trade massages with your sweetie and try out your new herbal massage oil.

All Natural Body Butter Recipe

This body butter recipe is 100% natural. It is made entirely of oils with no water added, excluding the need for preservative. The addition of Vitamin E helps to prevent rancidity. Extra jars can be store in the refrigerator to prolong the shelf life.

10 ounces soy wax (like soy candles are made from)
1 ounce castor oil
1 ounce shea butter
16 ounces olive oil
1.5 ounces sweet almond oil (or oil of choice)
1 teaspoon Vitamin E
30 drops lavender essential oil
25 drops palmarosa essential oil
15 drops bergamot essential oil

Melt the soy wax and shea butter together. Have the olive oil, sweet almond and the castor oil blended together in a large mixing bowl while waiting for the soy-shea oils to melt.

When the soy wax and shea butter have melted, pour into bowl with liquid oils and blend with emulsion blender (also known as a stick blender) You may use a regular hand blender, such as used for making cakes, but be aware that if your bowl is not deep enough you just might be repainting the kitchen when the oils splatter on the wall.

It will take a while for the mixture to cool enough for it to begin to thicken. Don’t bother with burning up the motor in your stick blender by trying to blend the entire time. Going back to the mixture every few minutes for more blending is just fine. During this watch-and-wait game, this is the time to add your essential oils and vitamin E, then proceed with blending.

You are waiting for it to thicken up to the consistency of runny pudding. If it is jarred before it reaches the thickening stage, the body butter may separate, creating a layer of oil on top of the hard oils. When it reaches that pudding point, it will thicken up very quickly and needs to be poured into your jars.

Makes approximately seven, 4-ounce jars.

Note – if the mixture becomes too thick to pour into jars, you can either spoon it into the jars or slightly begin to remelt, mix and pour again.

Natural Body Powder Recipe

This is our recipe for an all-natural body powder, containing no talcum!! If you’re in the South like we are, this is a great recipe to keep you fresh & dry during those humid summer months.

2 cups arrowroot flour
1 cup organic brown rice flour
1 1/2 cups cornstarch
3 tablespoons Kaolin clay
45 drops lavender essential oil

  • Combine all powdered ingredients together and blend well.
  • Add the lavender essential oil about 10 drops at a time and remix the powder with your fingers, breaking up and redistributing any clumps that were made by adding the essential oil.
  • When all essential oil is incorporated into the flour – powder mixture, you can run the entire batch through a flour sifter in the event that some of the clumps do not mix in well.
  • Store in glass jars and use a powder puff or bottle into containers made especially for body powders.

Marigold Honey Skin Cream


48 ounces Calendula tea
2.6 ounces emulsifying wax
1 ounce beeswax
1/2 teaspoon honey
1.5 ounces shea butter (refined or unrefined)
1 ounce cocoa butter
2 ounces olive oil
1.5 ounces soy wax
.6 ounces phenonip or Germaben II
40 drops rosewood essential oil
5 drops palmarosa essential oil

This cream is made as a water-in-oil emulsion, meanings, the oils are added to the water instead of adding water to the oil. Create as you would any other lotion or cream, melting all oils and waxes together aside from the water phase. Incorporate preservative and essential oils as the last step.

For basic lotion and cream making directions, see our page on MAKING LOTIONS AND CREAMS

NOTE: water-in-oil, in this emulsion the oil is the main phase and has water packed into it in microscopically small droplets.
oil-in-water, in this emulsion the water is the main phase, with tiny droplets of oil being surrounded by water.

Fizzing Bath Bomb Recipe

Fizzing Bath Bomb Recipe

Fizzing bath bombs make bath time fun, fragrant, and exciting. Add bomb to warm bath water and watch it begin to fizz and bubble, releasing fragrant essential oils into the water.


• 1 part citric acid
• 2 parts baking soda
• Witch hazel
• Coloring of your choice
Essential oil or Fragrance oil
• Round Shaped Mold or smooth melt and pour soap mold

Blend the citric acid and baking soda extremely well. Just when you think you have blended the mixture enough, blend some more. Blending is crucial – if you don’t blend well, you’ll end up with a grainy bath bomb.

Once you’ve blended really well, add your colorant. Dry pigments work well but be sure not to add too much. The color will intensify when the witch hazel is added. If you choose to use food coloring, add the coloring to the baking soda only, mix well, then add in the citric acid and blend some more.

While stirring with one hand, add fragrance oil or essential oil. Use your nose to determine the proper amount you prefer but keep in mind that essential oils are potent.

With a fine spray bottle, spritz the witch hazel onto the batch of bath bomb mixture while stirring quickly with the other hand. Don’t overdo it. If you use too much moisture the citric acid will begin to activate and fizz. When the batch sticks together when squeezed, begin placing into the molds. Work quickly or have a friend waiting to help get the mixture into the molds. If you work slowly, the bath bomb mixture will get hard.

When placing the mixture into the molds, be sure to pack them firmly. The more pressure you place on the bath bomb mixture when placing into the molds, the better your bath bomb will be. Wait two to three minutes and gently tap out your bath bombs. Allow to air dry between two and four hours or overnight.

Fizzy Milk Shea Butter Bath Bombs
1 cup baking soda
1/2 cup corn starch
1/2 cup citric acid
1/3 cup epsom salts (grind finely in a coffee grinder)
1/4 cup powdered milk
2 teaspoons luxury oil (sweet almond, grapeseed, etc.)
2 teaspoons melted shea butter
1tsp fragrance or essential oil

Use fizzing bath bomb instructions above for assembling bath bombs.

Suspended Salt Scrub Recipe


½ cup Epsom Salt
½ cup liquid soap
¾ cup olive or sweet almond oil
1.2 ounces of melt and pour soap
1 teaspoon of fragrance or 25 drops of essential oil

  • Blend the Epsom salt in a coffee grinder until fine.
  • Mix the liquid soap and the melt and pour soap together and heat until melted. Works best in a double boiler or can be melted in the microwave if monitored closely.
  • When melted, pour in your olive or sweet almond oil (you can substitute other oils you prefer) and blend well with an emulsion blender (stick blender).
  • Add fragrance or essential oils and blend again.
  • By hand, mix in the pulverized Epsom salt and stir well.

Once the mixture sets up completely, the salt should remain suspended throughout the scrub and not separate. Use as an exfoliating body scrub.

Using Preservatives in Lotions and Creams

Preservatives in lotions and creams

About using preservatives and antioxidants

Vitamin E and Rosemary Oleorsesin Extract, also known as ROE are both antioxidants. (do not confuse ROE with rosemary essential oil, they are two different creatures entirely). Antioxidants prevent oils from going rancid as quickly as they normally would if left out under normal conditions. So, this makes them good additions to recipes that have oil in them to increase the recipe’s shelf life. Vitamin E (also known as Vitamin E T-50) and ROE do not kill germs or prevent them from growing in lotions and creams. Being antioxidants does NOT make them preservatives. Usage – Vitamin E, 1 % of total formula weight. ROE – 0.1% of total formula weight.

Phenonip and Germaben II, and Germall Plus are actual preservatives. They inhibit the growth of microorganisms, yeast and fungus in lotions, creams, etc. If one is making products for resale, the FDA requires that you put a preservative in any cosmetic that is not a soap. If you are simply making products for your personal use, you do not have to include preservative. However, if you choose not to preserve your lotion or cream (or other formula) then you must treat the finished product as a perishable food item. Either use it up quickly or store in the refrigerator and use within two weeks.

Germaben II and Germall Plus are water soluble. This means that they will only work if water is the major ingredient in your recipe. These products do not withstand high temperatures well, so they must be added when your recipe is finished and cooled to 100 degrees F or below.

Germaben II ingredients – Propylene Glycol, Diazolidinyl Urea, Methylparaben, Propylparaben. Use 1% of total formula.

Germall Plus ingredients – Diazolidinyl Urea, Iodopropenyl Butacarbamate. The liquid form of this will list Propylene Glycol as the first ingredient. Usage – 0.2% – .05% of total formula weight.

Phenonip is oil soluble, and so is better for products where oils comprise the majority of ingredients in your formula. Phenonip can also withstand much higher temperatures, allowing more flexibility regarding what stage you add the preservative to your recipe.

Phenonip ingredients: Phenoxyethanol, Methylparaben, Ethylparaben, Butylparaben, Propylparaben. Usage – 1% of total formula.

LiquaPar Oil

LiquaPar Oil is a clear, liquid blend of isopropyl, isobutyl and n-butyl esters of para hydroxybenzoic acid. It is a very stable and effective preservative against gram positive and gram negative bacteria, yeast and mold. LiquaPar Oil is readily incorporated into various types of formulations, including anhydrous products, without heating. It is a good choice for salt scrubs and bath oils where no water is present but may be inadvertently introduced to the container during regular use, such as dipping a wet hand into a jar of sugar scrub while in the shower. Usage – 0.3 – 0.6% however, in complex formulations, 0.1% Germall II may be required for adequate preservation.

Recommended usage rates are meant as guidelines only. All new formulations should be challenge tested to ensure proper preservation.

Lotions and Creams must be protected against Bacterial, Microbial and Fungal attack and also from rancidity. Good hygiene and usage of safe Preservatives and Antioxidants protects you and your customers from potential injury. Preservatives protect against microorganisms, yeasts and fungus while Antioxidants guard against rancidity. The use of both a preservative and a antioxidant while lengthen the shelf life of your lotions and creams.